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1980-1989

Himeji Research Center
Himeji Research Center
In 1980, our conventional Central Research Center, Cellulose Research Center, and Plastics Research Center were integrated. To enhance our total research and development expertise, we constructed the Himeji Research Center in Aboshi.

In the 1980s, we developed our methanol carbonylation (C1 chemistry)-related acetic acid business. For example, we commercialized 1.4-butanediol (1.4-BG) and thioglycolic acid.

At our Ohtake Plant, we started production of functional resins and constructed a fermentation plant in our Arai Plant. In this way, we prepared a base for the production of functional chemicals and fine chemicals.

In 1982, an explosion occurred in our Sakai Plant, a SAN resin manufacturing factory. Six persons died in this accident while performing their duties. In addition, the neighboring area was greatly affected by this disaster. After reflecting on the accident, we held the Daicel Safety Convention in 1983 and have since held this convention annually. The convention has been renamed the Daicel Group Responsible Care Promotion Convention, and environmental protection and safety activities for Responsible Care are now being carried out in keeping with the decisions of the convention.

In relation to our SAN/ABS resin business, we have established Kyodo Polymer Co., Ltd. as a joint venture in December 1982 to promote the production and sale of ABS resin. In 1983, we established Nova Polymer Co., Ltd. as a joint venture to promote the production and sale of SAN resin.

In 1988, we established Daicel Safety Systems Inc. as a subsidiary company to promote production of automobile airbag inflators, and eventually entered the automobile airbag inflator business in earnest. In the same year, Polyplastics Co., Ltd. established Engineering Polyplastics Taiwan Co., Ltd. (currently Polyplastics Taiwan Co., Ltd.) as a joint venture in Taiwan to promote the production and sale of polyacetal resin.
Significant events of that era
1973–81: The Oil Crisis
Since the fourth Middle East War erupted in 1973, the ten countries of OAPEC (Organization of the Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries) implemented an oil embargo strategy involving reduced production of crude oil and restricted oil supply. For this reason, the price of crude oil spiked, triggering a worldwide financial crisis (the first "oil crisis"). In addition, in 1979, crude oil exports were halted due to the Iranian Revolution, and this restriction of crude oil exports triggered the second oil crisis that continued until 1981.
1986: The Equal Employment Opportunity Law is enforced.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Law (the law concerning the Promotion of Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment) came into force in Japan. This occurred because Japan was required to amend related laws according to the "Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women" adopted by the United Nations in 1979. The Working Women Welfare Law was amended and approved in 1985 in order to establish the above law. In 1997, the law was further amended and enforced in April 1999.