Japan Celluloid Artificial Co., Ltd.(currently Aboshi Plant) is established.
Sakai Celluloid Co., Ltd.(later Sakai Plant) is established.
Osaka Sen'i Kogyo Co.,LTD.(currently Kanzaki Plant) is established.
The merger of eight celluloid companies leads to the establishment of Dainippon Celluloid Co., Ltd.
Although the celluloid industry boomed during World War I, the postwar depression left the industry battered from excessive competition arising from plummeting global demand for celluloid. With the realization that the Japanese celluloid industry could grow only through collaboration, eight celluloid companies decided to merge. The industry's reorganization thus led to the birth of our pioneering company (with 48% of the capital being provided by Sakai Celluloid, 21% by Japan Celluloid Artificial, 16% by Osaka Sen'i Kogyo, 7% by Tokyo Celluloid, and 8% by four other companies: Mikuni Celluloid, Notoya Celluloid, Toyo Celluloid, and Togawa Celluloid).
Mikuni Celluloid Co., Ltd. (in 1973, renamed into Mikuni Plastics Co., Ltd.) is established and begins celluloid processing operations.
Acetate plastic called "Acetyloid" is developed.
Although celluloid was an easy-to-process plastic with excellent physical properties, the flammability of this nitrified cotton product presented a hazard. In order to overcome this disadvantage with a noncombustible formula, the Company developedan acetate plastic made from acetate cotton.
The Company's photographic film operations are spun off to form Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. (currently FUJIFILM Corporation)
From its very founding, the Company planned to enter the photographic film business as a new venture intended to complement the existing celluloid business.
The Arai Plant is established in Niigata Prefecture to begin production of acetylene-base organic chemicals.
In 1933, we decided to enter the cellulose acetate business. We adopted the major policy of becoming self-sufficient in production of the raw materials of acetic acid and other products through integrated production from carbide and to develop related chemicals. This represents the origins of our current organic chemicals business. We determined that the Arai district of Niigata Prefecture provided a combination of cheap and abundant electricity, a reliable and plentiful supply of industrial water, and an adequate supply of high-quality limestone ore in nearby mountains. In 1935, we constructed our Arai Plant and began manufacturing carbide, acetylene, aldehyde, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, cellulose acetate, ethyl acetate, and acetone. Regarding acetic anhydride, a critical material for production of cellulose acetate, we adopted the ketene method, which results in high-purity products. This led to our current position as the trailblazer in the production of ketene derivatives and other fine chemicals.
The Sakai Plant begins manufacturing acetate filament.
The Aboshi Plant begins to manufacture tri-acetyl cellulose (TAC) for photographic film and begins supplying Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
The Kawachi Sub-Plant in the Aboshi Kako Plant (currently the Harima Plant) opens and begins production of smokeless gunpowder.
During World War I, prior to the merger that formed our Company, Japan Celluloid Artificial Silk Co., Ltd. first began manufacture of propellant at the Aboshi Plant. Later, during the Pacific War, manufacturing continued on the orders of the Japanese Army and Navy. After the war, we switched to supplying the private-sector to revitalize the market. In 1950, special demand for ammunition arose due to the outbreak of the Korean War, and we resumed our gunpowder business. In 1953, we established the Aboshi Kako Plant on coastal land adjacent to the Aboshi Plant. The next year, however, in view of the special nature of explosive production and storage, we sought a new location. As a result, we established the Kawachi Sub-Plant in the Aboshi Kako Plant (currently the Harima Plant).
Dainippon Plastics Co.,Ltd. is established and begins plastics processing operations.
The Sakai Plant begins production of acetate tow for cigarette filters.
As attempts were made to filter tobacco smoke in order to remove harmful substances, acetate filters have the advantage of absorbing nicotine tar without impairing the flavor of tobacco. This product was first put to practical use in the United States in 1951. In 1956, in collaboration with Nippon Monopoly Corporation (currently Japan Tobacco Inc.), we undertook research and development of filter tow, succeeding in domestic mass production of acetate tow in 1958.
Nagoya Office (presently Nagoya Sales Office) is established.
Dainippon Kasei Co., Ltd. (currently the Ohtake Plant) is established.
In July 1955, Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry announced development measures for the petrochemical industry. In response to the rise of the petrochemical industry, the Company launched petrochemical operations. In 1961, we established Dainippon Kasei Co., Ltd. (currently the Ohtake Plant) and initiated production of acetic acid, butanol, methoxybutanol, and acetate esters, later expanding our product line further. At the time the plant was established, all our employees banded together to overcome early struggles under the slogan "All in the same boat." Their legendary efforts to construct the plant became known as "The Ohtake Story."
The Sakai Plant is established as a SAN resin manufacturing facility and begins production.
The Research Center is established in Iruma-gun, Saitama Prefecture.
Polyplastics Corporation is established as a joint venture with Celanese Corporation and production of DURACON® polyacetal resin begins.
In 1960, Celanese Corporation developed a polyacetal resin using a proprietary copolymerization method and announced its commercialization. In 1961, we considered creating a joint venture for the production of polyacetal resin, and in 1964 we established Polyplastics Co., Ltd. as this joint venture. This polyacetal resin was given the trade name of DURACON® to represent its qualities as a "durable hard resin."
The Company is renamed Daicel Co., Ltd.
The Arai Plant halts production of carbide, acetylene, and aldehyde, switching to petrochemical materials from the raw materials for organic chemicals.
Dainippon Kasei Co., Ltd. is acquired, and its Ohtake Plant becomes Daicel's Ohtake Plant.
The Sakai Plant begins manufacturing ABS resin.
The Ohtake Plant begins commercialization of peracetic acid synthetic glycerin.
After studying various production methods as a means of replacing natural glycerin with inexpensive synthetic glycerin, we devised a unique production method using peracetic acid. As a result, we commercialized peracetic acid synthetic glycerin. This technology was recognized for its uniqueness and was celebrated with the Minister of International Trade and Industry Award, the Chemical Technology Award of the Chemical Society of Japan, and the Technology Award of the Society for Chemical Engineers, Japan. However, the required investment was significant, and it was eventually decided that the business would close in 1992 due to the effects of the oil shock and other changes in the economic environment. Although the synthetic glycerin business has trodden a rocky path, our oxidation reaction technology using peracetic acid is currently being utilized in the alicyclic epoxy and caprolactone businesses.
The Tokyo Plant is closed.
Daicel-Hüls Ltd. (currently Polyplastics-Evonik Corporation) is established as a joint venture and begins marketing Polyamide-12 resin.
Kyodo Sakusan Co., Ltd. is established as a joint venture.
The Company is renamed Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.
Production of acetic acid with the methanol carbonylation process begins.
Acetic acid production is the cornerstone of our cellulose and organic chemicals businesses. Commercialization of acetic acid made with the methanol carbonylation process in response to the introduction of C1 chemistry became a national project following the oil crisis. It also helped to solve the critical issues of strengthened cost competitiveness and stability of supply; moreover, it represented an initiative with the promise of reversing the company's fortunes. At that time, we had introduced the production technology from the Monsanto Company (U.S.A.) utilizing the methanol carbonylation process, a state-of-the-art manufacturing method that resulted in the development of the industry's leading acetic acid plant within a relatively brief 22 months. At the time of its completion, the plant had an annual production capacity of 150,000 tons. Production capacity was gradually increased, however, to the point where the plant's capacity now exceeds 400,000 tons per year, thus creating the foundation underpinning Daicel's various products and businesses.
The Central Research Center is established in Hyogo Prefecture.
Optical isomer resolution business is launched.
Artificially synthesized chemicals have two molecules, D bodies and L bodies, which are related to optical isomers. These two molecules have the same chemical properties but, as pharmaceuticals, they have different physiological effects, so some may trigger undesirable side effects. After the impact of the troubling Thalidomide scandal over a 10-year span beginning in 1963, interest in resolution technology increased. At that time, Assistant Professor Yoshio Okamoto of the School of Engineering Science, Osaka University (currently a distinguished professor at Nagoya University) discovered that optically active polymethacrylate triphenylmethyl and the filler that carries it on silica gel have an excellent optical isomer resolution function. Daicel took advantage of this invention and succeeded in commercializing the development of chiral columns with an optical isomer resolution function. Today, this product is used by researchers the world over as an essential part of research and development, manufacturing, and quality assurance of chiral pharmaceuticals.
An explosion occurs at the Sakai Plant.
Daicel (U.S.A.), Inc. is established in the USA.
Daicel (Europa) GmbH is established in Germany.
Daicel-UCB Company, Ltd. (currently Daicel-Allnex Ltd.) is established as a joint venture for the production and sales of ultraviolet and electron-beam curable resins.
Daicel Safety Systems Inc. is established as a manufacturing subsidiary for automobile airbag inflators.
In 1967, Eaton, Yale, and Towne, Inc. (U.S.A.) introduced the airbag system as a lifesaving device in motor vehicle collisions. In 1969, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) under the U.S. Department of Transportation introduced a law mandating that all passenger vehicles be equipped with airbags. This sparked a full-scale research and development effort to achieve practical use of airbags. Our Company undertook the research and development of airbag systems beginning in the mid-1970s, and in 1988, we began supplying mass production equipment for inflators. From 2000 onwards, we began establishing production and sales bases in the U.S.A., Thailand, Poland, China and South Korea, thus realizing our global supply system.
Daicel Chemical (Asia) Pte.Ltd. is established in Singapore.
A facility for manufacturing acetate tow for cigarette filters is established in the Aboshi Plant, thus creating the twin hub system at Sakai and Aboshi.
The Aboshi Plant begins manufacturing Tri-Acetyl Cellulose (TAC) for LCD optical films.
Chiral Technologies, Inc. is established in the U.S.A. as a hub of optical resolution operations.
Dainichi Chemical Corp. is established for the production and sales of oligomers and other products.
Xi'an Huida Chemical Industries Co., Ltd. is established as a joint venture in China to manufacture and sell acetate tow for cigarette filters.
Daicel (Hong Kong) Ltd. is established in Hong Kong.
The Hirohata Plant is established in the Himeji Production Sector in Hyogo prefecture.
A joint venture is established with Shanghai Da-shen Cellulose Plastics Co., Ltd., a manufacturing and sales company of celluloid and acetate plastics.
Celluloid was developed in response to changing consumer preferences and has been adopted in a variety of applications including eyeglass frames, table tennis balls, pachinko machines, and guitar picks. However, achieving cost reductions through mass production is difficult with celluloid and as a result, annual domestic production decreased from a peak of 10,000 tons to 200 tons by the end of the 1980s. We implemented a variety of measures in an effort to continue our longstanding traditional business, but eventually decided to further reduce costs by relocating our production to China. After the establishment of a joint venture, production was gradually transferred, and production in Japan eventually ended in April 1996.
Daicen Membrane-Systems Ltd. is established as a joint venture to manufacture and sell membrane modules for water treatment.
Chiral Technologies-Europe SARL (currently Chiral Technologies Europe S.A.S.) is established in France as a European hub for the optical resolution business.
Shanghai Daicel Polymers, Ltd. a resin compound manufacturing company, is established in Shanghai, China.
The H.R. Training Center is established in Ako-gun, Hyogo prefecture.
Toyo Styrene Co., Ltd. is established as a joint venture.
The Integrated Production Center (IPC) is established in the Aboshi Plant of the Himeji Production Sector and begins integrated operation.
Daicel Safety Systems America, LLC, a joint venture, is established as the U.S. hub for automobile airbag inflators.
Resin compound operations are spun off and Daicel Polymer Ltd. (currently Daicel Miraizu Ltd.) is established and begins operations.
The plastic sheet forming business is spun off and Daicel Pack Systems, Ltd. is established and begins operations.
Daicel Kaseihin Co., Ltd. and Daicel Craft Ltd. are merged to establish Daicel FineChem Ltd.
Nagano Novafoam Ltd. and West Japan Novafoam Ltd. merge to form Daicel Novafoam Ltd. a subsidiary involved in plastic foaming products.
Daicel acquires a company involved in the manufacture and sales of sorbic acid and other products to establish and begin operations at Daicel Nanning Food Ingredients Co., Ltd. in China.
Daicel Safety Systems (Thailand) Co., Ltd. is established in Thailand as a production and sales hub for automobile airbag inflators.
Daicel Safety Systems Europe Sp.z o.o. is established in Poland as the European hub of automobile airbag inflator production.
The package filming business is spun off and Daicel Value Coating Ltd. is established and begins operations.
Daicel Chemical (China) Investment Co.,Ltd. is established in Shanghai, China.
Daicel Safety Systems (Jiangsu) Co., Ltd. is established in China as a production and sales hub for automobile airbag inflators.
Ningbo Da-An Chemical Industries Co., Ltd. is established as a joint venture in China to manufacture and sell cellulose acetate and acetic anhydrate.
Daicel Chiral Technologies (China) Co., Ltd. is established in Shanghai, China.
The Ohtake Plant is established as an acetate tow manufacturing facility.
Daicel(Hong Kong)Ltd. is closed and its business is transferred to Daicel Chemical (China) Investment Co., Ltd.
In Japan, part of the premises of the Sakai Plant was expropriated for construction of the Yamatogawa Line of the Hanshin Expressway. The Sakai Plant is closed.
Dainippon Plastics Co., Ltd. is transferred to Takiron Co., Ltd.(currently C.I. TAKIRON Corporation).
Daicel Chiral Technologies (India) Pvt. Ltd. is established in Hyderabad, India.
The Ohtake Plant is established as a tri-acetyl cellulose (TAC) manufacturing facility.
Mikuni Plastics Co., Ltd. transfers its entire business to Aron Kasei Co., Ltd.
Construction of the ethyl acetate manufacturing facility using esterification process is completed.
The Company is renamed Daicel Corporation.
Our Company went through several name changes - from Dainippon Celluloid Company Limited at the time of its founding to Daicel Co., Ltd. in 1966 and Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd. in 1979. We have since expanded the scope of our business by building on our core technologies of cellulosic chemicals, organic chemicals, polymer chemistry, and pyrotechnics. In recent years, the assembly segment as represented by automobile airbag inflators has grown into another core business. To demonstrate our goal of developing beyond the chemical industry with original technologies and expertise built on chemistry, both inside and outside the company, we decided to rename the Company with its current name, Daicel Corporation.
Daicel Safety Systems Korea, Inc. is established in Korea.
Daicel Novafoam, Ltd., and Tohoku Polymer Ltd. as a Mitsui Chemical's subsidiary are merged to establish DM Novafoam, Ltd..
Daicel Polymer (Thailand) Co., Ltd. is established in Thailand.
Special Devices Inc. as a manufacturer of initiators is purchased and transformed into our subsidiaries.
Daicel establish a joint venture by acquiring 35% of the outstanding shares of Toyama Filter Tow Co., Ltd., an acetate tow manufacturing subsidiary of Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.
Acquires "Health & Amenity" business from UNITIKA LTD.
Daicel Safety Systems America Arizona, Inc. is established as the 2nd Manufacturing Plant of the inflator in the Americas.
Daicel (U.S.A.), Inc. is renamed Daicel America Holdings, Inc. to expand its functions.
Daicel Safety Systems America Holdings, Inc. established in Arizona, U.S.A., as a controlling company for inflator business in North America.
Daicel ChemTech, Inc. is established in New Jersey, U.S. as a marketing company for organic chemicals in Americas.
Our Central Research Center and Himeji Technology Head Office are consolidated at a new site, Innovation Park.
In the past, the "Central Research Center" consisted of the Corporate Research Center, which was responsible for creating new businesses and research on elemental technologies, and the R&D departments of each business company, which were responsible for developing new products and reducing costs in existing business areas. Both had independent offices. Likewise, in the Himeji Technology Head Office, independent offices were provided for the Production Engineering Head Office responsible for production innovation the Daicel Way and process innovation; the Responsible Care Office charged with promoting environmental protection and safety assurance of our Group; and the Engineering Center responsible for plant construction and maintenance. By consolidating and integrating the R&D, production technology, engineering, environmental and safety, and other technical departments into a single location, we are accelerating new business development, speeding up research on new products and innovative process technologies, and focusing on development of high-efficiency mass production facilities.
Lomapharm group companies (LOMA Holding GmbH, Lomapharm Rudolf Lohmann GmbH KG, Lomapharm Verwaltungs GmbH), a German pharma contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) is purchased and transformed into our subsidiaries.
Daicel Micro Optics Co. Ltd. is established in Taiwan as a design/development and sales base for optical parts utilizing own developed wafer level lenses.
Daicel Safety Systems India Pvt. Ltd. is established in India as a sales hub for automobile airbag inflators.
Chiral Technologies, a subsidiary of the Company, acquired Arbor Biosciences, a genomics company in U.S.A.
Six North American companies of the pyrotechnic device businesses are consolidated, and established Daicel Safety Systems Americas, Inc.
PI-CRYSTAL INC., which develops, manufactures and sells organic semiconductor devices, is purchased and transformed into one of our subsidiaries.
Daicel FineChem Ltd., Daicel Polymers, Ltd. and Daicel Value Coating Ltd. (sales department) are consolidated, establishing Daicel Miraizu Ltd.
Made Polyplastics Co., Ltd. a wholly owned subsidiary of Daicel Corporation
Since its founding in 1964 as a joint venture with Celanese, Polyplastics has continued to grow through mutual cooperation between Daicel and Celanese. For further growth of Polyplastics amid the rapidly changing business environment, we have sought faster and more flexible decision making, through the top-management talks based on the trust and respect, and reached the agreement of Daicel’s acquire all shares of Polyplastics held by Celanese’s subsidiary. In October 2020, Daicel made Polyplastics a wholly owned subsidiary by fully accomplishment of acquisition of shares of Polyplastics.
The Company transfers shares of Daicel-Evonik Ltd. to Polyplastics Co., Ltd. Along with this transfer, Daicel-Evonik changes its name to Polyplastics-Evonik Corporation.
The Company acquires the Film Segment of Gunze's Electronic Components Division and establishes Daicel Beyond Ltd.